There are various precious and semi-precious colored gemstones. Gemstones come in almost every shade of every color imaginable! Some popular colored gemstones include emerald, amethyst, sapphire, ruby, garnet and opal. It is interesting to know the destination of colored gemstones. Gemstones are found in different countries, and some countries are very famous for specific types of gemstones.
Australia: it is the biggest producer of opal and contributes almost 90% of the world’s production. Australia has different colors of opal. The most popular mines are located in South Australia at Coober Pedy and Andamooka.
Myanmar (Burma): Myanmar is the biggest producer or ruby, which is a very popular precious gemstone. Myanmar contributes 90% to the total supply in the world. Mogok mines are known as ‘valley of rubies’ because of their supply of the highest quality stones. Ruby is a red colored gemstone. The popular safari mine is the most productive pit in Mogok. It produces 800 gm of the precious stones every day, which is about 4000 carats. It supplies stones mostly to Asian countries like Thailand and Singapore.
Madagascar: This country is the biggest producer of sapphire. Sapphire is most commonly blue, but it also found in colors like green, orange, grey, brown, black, purple. Sapphires were first discovered in the small town of llakaka in 1998. At the time it was easily found because the soil was rich and the country contributed 50% of the total production. But now, miners have to dig the surface and go deeper to obtain these stones. Other popular stones which are found in Madagascar are tourmaline, emerald, aquamarine, demantoid and morganite.
Columbia: Columbia is the biggest producer of emeralds in the world. Emerald is a beautiful green colored gemstone. Muzo is the most popular mine which is known for producing the best emeralds in the world. Columbia contributes 70% of the total supply in the world.
Sri Lanka: Sri Lanka is the producer of 50 varieties of gemstones. The famous center of the country’s mining industry is Ratanpura and it is known as ‘Gem Town’. Sri Lanka is the leading supplier of most precious stones. It is one of the richest countries in gemstones like sapphire, ruby, tourmaline, quartz, moonstone, zircon, garnet and other varieties.
These are some of the countries which are the best destination for colored gemstones. So, if you have a passion for a certain type of gemstone, these are the places to head to.
India: India has emerald mines in the Ajmer-Udaipur belt. Jaipur in Rajasthan is an important center for cutting and polishing emerald.
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